The United States is obviously stronger than China, but China has many key backing, which can make it confident of victory or at least sustainable victory.
? it has a huge market share outside the United States, accounting for 70% at present. At the same time, it is an unparalleled market for all countries in the world.
? China is taking positive actions to open up new markets for its goods and investment, and all poorer Asian and African countries will become strategic markets for its economy.
? the the Belt and Road is attracting partners from all over the world, including Europe.
? Russia is cooperating directly or indirectly with China, which will put China in a political security zone.
? Chinese private enterprises and investments are allowed to move abroad in order to bypass the tariff embargo and high costs of the United States, which are welcomed by many poorer countries.
? domestically, China has a large number of high-quality and high-yield production plants, supported by a workforce of 800million skilled workers.
? hundreds of countries in the world rely more on Chinese products than on Chinese products. The world itself has deliberately or unintentionally created this "dependency trap", but in essence, this dependence makes the industrial capacity of various countries quite low. We can't blame China because it doesn't urge anyone to do so. Therefore, these countries will continue to provide commercial support for China's industry and economy for their own interests.
? no matter what the western world thinks, China is not backward in technology. For example, a recent report pointed out that the withdrawal of Chinese technology may eventually bring trouble to western countries, including the United States: Europe faces a loss of $60billion. Whether it is China's own or western replicas, China has a large number of technologies and thousands of technical experts.
China's pure market outside the west is not a high-tech or high-end market, but a medium and low-end / low-cost market. For example, compared with iPhone, Oppo faces a large number of medium and low-end consumers / customers, and most consumers in the world still fall into this category. Even in the coming decades, these people will not be able to afford products made in the United States / Germany / Japan or even South Korea. Therefore, at present, China's sustained growth will bring opportunities to almost every country in the consumer world in some ways, and China is aware of this.
? compared with other countries, China's advantages are mainly its huge skilled labor force, infrastructure adapted to local / foreign high-tech / heavy industry and financial services, which are the source of its confidence. So far, there is no second China in the world that can reach a considerable level, and several other countries need to prepare for the formation of China's production capacity for decades at the earliest.
? the United States wants its high-tech giants to stay at home, but the United States has no production / cost incentives for its new industries. In addition, only a few countries have the potential to become substitutes for China, but it may be in the distant future, certainly not now.
India may be excellent, but we know that India is far from ready to replace China. However, with the White House imposing tariff embargoes on China, he is also shelling India, and the hope of industrial cooperation between India and the United States is also very slim.
Therefore, it may not be a good idea to underestimate China.
Whether it is bitter or sweet, for the whole world, the fact is that China and the United States are still two indispensable equal factors in terms of technological well-being and industrial supply, which seems to keep the rest of the world silent about the disputes between the two countries. Therefore, the claim that the United States helped achieve China is simply a myth.
China's rapid development is of great significance in modern times and is recognized as a miracle by the international community.
But these achievements have led some Americans to make sharp voices, saying that their country has rebuilt China in the past 25 years. This kind of voice goes against common sense and is completely wrong.
Some senior US officials only exposed their ignorance by emphasizing this point. If they know little, it is understandable, but when they knowingly commit it, it is dangerous and terrible.
Some Americans believe that the so-called trade imbalance between China and the United States is the result of China's manipulation of the exchange rate, and the U.S. trade deficit with China is the United States' transfer of wealth to China. They attribute China's success to a large extent to U.S. investment in China.
This theory ignores the hard work of the Chinese people for decades, which is both contrary to facts and illogical.
The theory that the United States helped rebuild China reveals the arrogance and distorted mentality of some Americans, who believe that the United States is the Savior of the world. This is hardly supported in the United States, but it has been ridiculed by the international community for nothing.
The US trade deficit with China is caused by the comparative advantages of the two countries and the international division of labor, which has long been recognized by American economists.
China's foreign trade has always abided by market rules and advocated fair trade. It is nonsense to regard the deficit as an argument supporting the theory of "the United States helping rebuild China".
Stephen Roach, a senior researcher at Yale University and former chairman of Morgan Stanley in Asia, said that the United States had a trade deficit with 102 countries in 2018. According to this figure, has the United States rebuilt most countries in the world? No normal person can have such a thinking.
耶鲁大学高级研究员、摩根士丹利（Morgan Stanley）亚洲前主席斯蒂芬·罗奇（Stephen Roach）表示，2018年美国与102个国家存在贸易逆差。根据这个数字，美国是否重建了世界上大多数国家？任何正常人都不可能有这样的思维。
The bilateral trade between China and the United States is definitely not a one-way street for the United States to remit money to China. The deficit does not mean that the United States is losing money. On the contrary, the United States is reaping tangible profits and cost-effective products. Is it possible for American businessmen to simply give money to the Chinese? The answer is obviously No.
According to a report released by a third-party institution including Deutsche Bank, the net profit of the United States in bilateral trade is higher than that of China.
China US economic and trade cooperation is based on mutual benefit and win-win results. No one wants to fail in business, especially those Americans who are good at seeking profits and adhere to the "America first" strategy.
The contribution of U.S. investment to China's economic development is undeniable, but it is incorrect to say that it is the fundamental reason for China to become the world's second largest economy.
Since China began to count foreign investment in 1987, China has utilized more than US $2trillion of foreign capital. However, only $80billion (4.06% of the total) came from the United States. Has the United States rebuilt China with $80billion? Isn't this a dream?
How Americans came to such a conclusion is unimaginable. If this conclusion is true, is China rebuilding the United States because the United States receives hundreds of billions of dollars from its investment and service trade in China every year?
In fact, after the theory of "the United States helps rebuild China" came into being, politicfact, a US website, reported this, saying that the theory's explanation of Sino US trade relations is too simple.
Scott linsikom, a scholar at the libertarian Cato Institute, said that this theory is correct in a small sense. He said that trade with all countries, including the United States, was part of a major market reform, adding that the reform was more fundamental.
Any country must rely on its own development. The Chinese people understand that China is a huge economy with a population of nearly 1.4 billion, and its development cannot rely on other countries. In addition, no country in the world can "rebuild" China, which is understandable to any wise person.
China's development stems from the efforts of the Chinese people to promote reform and opening up and the spirit of hard work of the Chinese people. It is illegitimate and impossible for the United States to assume the responsibility for China's development.
China's development is not closed door, but opens more win-win doors for cooperation with other countries. While developing itself, China is also expanding market opening and increasing overseas investment, creating opportunities for other countries, including the United States.
A professor of economics and finance at Yale University who specializes in China's economy said that without China's financing of U.S. government debt and corporate investment, the United States would not be able to maintain the growth of real estate, defense and Commerce for so many years.
"In an interconnected global world, it's hard to say who is rebuilding who," the professor added.
There is no savior in this world. Most people who want to be saviors bark more than bite, and eventually fail. However, there are always arrogant people in the world who pose as saviors, and the stories they make up are just jokes.
The United States should not talk nonsense, but should respect the facts and stop blaming China irresponsibly. Correctly understand China's development and make contributions to the stable development of Sino US trade relations.
We can sort out the development history of China US relations first. Since the founding of new China, China US relations have gone through three periods:
For 20 years (1949-1969), the United States has tried to disrupt, destroy and weaken new China. Washington discredits China as an aggressive and expansionary power that is not under the control of the United States, threatening the security of its non military neighbors. The United States has established a maritime military alliance along China's eastern and southern borders, including the alliance between the United States and Japan, South Korea and the Kuomintang authorities.
The United States and its allies have formed the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO), which includes Thailand, the Philippines and South Vietnam, and the Australia New Zealand treaty, which connects Australia, New Zealand and the United States. The United States maintains military bases and, in some cases, has a large number of troops stationed in many of these countries, especially Japan and South Korea. In these years, the United States has also been involved in the Vietnam War.
Washington encouraged its allies to avoid establishing diplomatic relations with Beijing. The United States banned Americans from visiting China. The United States cut off trade and planned an international embargo on China.
The United States' attitude towards China is even tougher than that of its main rival, the Soviet Union, thus implementing the so-called "wedge strategy", which aims to encourage the division between China and the Soviet Union. The United States succeeded, because such a division did occur, became obvious around 1960, and then worsened.
Facing the aggression of the Soviet Union, China and the United States began to approach each other. The United States tried to end the Vietnam War, while China hoped to seek support to resist the pressure of the Soviet Union. President Nixon's visit to China in February 1972 marked a breakthrough in reconciliation. The United States and China signed the Shanghai Communique, which said that the United States recognizes that all Chinese on both sides of the Taiwan Strait believe that there is only one China and Taiwan is a part of China, and the U.S. government must not challenge this position. The United States reiterated its support for the peaceful settlement of the Taiwan issue by the Chinese themselves.
On this basis, the formal relationship between the United States and China began to develop, including trade, education and cultural exchanges.
Establishment of formal diplomatic relations: since 1979
In 1979, the two governments established comprehensive diplomatic relations. Although it maintained informal relations with the Taiwan authorities, the US Congress passed the Taiwan Relations Act, which challenged China's red line.
The establishment of normal diplomatic relations coincided with the beginning of China's "reform and opening up" policy. In the next period of time, trade and investment relations with western countries, including the United States, developed rapidly. China has also opened up to western tourism and developed extensive contacts in the academic and cultural fields.
The two countries have cooperated on some issues, such as working for peace on the Korean Peninsula. However, many important issues in US China relations remain unresolved. On the US side, it is dissatisfied with the huge trade surplus between China and the United States, as well as the rampant accusation that China sells missile technology to the Middle East and other countries. On the Chinese side, China criticized the United States' global foreign policy for trying to strengthen the interests of the United States without paying full attention to the interests of other countries.
Referring to the tortuous relationship between China and the United States in the above historical process, do you still think this problem is true?
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